Bed bugs are a real nuisance when they invade your home. These pests give you no let up as with a full on infestation, you will stuggle to sleep in peace. Bed bugs feed on blood by sucking through your skin when you are asleep. This can irritate you to a level that you might even think of abandoning your home. They spread at a fast rate and even breed at a very high rate. To find peace and comfort when sleeping, you have to employ some way of getting rid of these bed bugs before the situation becomes a disaster. Before you implement any measures, you have to understand every detail concerning these pests, but we need to find out how fast do bed bugs spread.
The bed bugs go through a three-stage lifecycle which is the egg, nymph, and adult. They mature fast, and the females are responsible for laying the eggs at a rate of four to seven eggs a day and usually after a blood meal. The eggs are laid in dark places at the edges of the mattress, crevices, bed cracks and a stick on any hard surfaces especially the wood. This makes the spread fast if this furniture is moved to a different place.
The nymph then shed the skin up to five times before maturing into an adult. The adults start mating immediately where the females can start laying eggs within 4 to 9 weeks if the conditions and the environment favor their growth. Bed bugs have a lifespan of 6 to 12 months and can feed every ten days on average during this time. They can survive without a blood meal for a long time, and their rate of reproduction is very high thus spreading fast as they keep on searching for migration if they congest in a place.
Check out my other post – How big are bed bugs? – see pictures to compare their size
Through the movement of infested items
Bed bugs live in beds, furniture, clothing or spreading. If one of this infested furniture is moved, then it will carry the bugs, and they will continue breeding at the place where the furniture was moved if the conditions are favorable.
Movement of people
When people put on infested clothes, they move the bugs to other places where they land. One can collect the bugs from infested friends home and bring the bugs to their home. They can also spread through traveling with infested suitcases, packaging boxes when one is moving from residence to residence. From hotels to home or from schools where the cases of bed bug infestation are prevalent.
Resilience and resistance
Bed bugs are so resilient and adaptive in that they can survive for days without feeding, up to seventy days. They can live for several months if well fed. They are very sensitive and search their prey by following the heat from the human body and also sense the carbon dioxide from the mouth as they have a good sense of that. When feeding, they usually pierce the human body and spit some saliva that has some chemical that reacts thus making one insensitive. The chemical is composed of anticoagulant and anesthetic that makes the victim feel nothing until the time they have finished. This adds to their ability to spread fast as they can survive for long till they get another meal.
Through survival and adaptation
The dark places where they hide during the day makes them unreachable. They can hide in the most protected areas of covered furniture where the pesticide does not reach. When the effect of the pesticide reduces, they come out and breed again. They are clever creatures who have a good sense and can sense danger whenever they detect an anticipated move of a human. It is very rare to see one, and therefore it takes a lot of time to realize your home is infested especially if you are not familiar with the pest.
Bed bugs can spread very fast because of the high rate of reproduction. They can infest a whole neighborhood and the worst things are that they can become resistant to the common pesticides. Therefore, the best thing to do if you detect infestation is to call an expert who can get rid of the pests entirely.